Toronto night life

Monday, April 30, 2007

Finding Rome Vacation Rental Online- A Guide

Rome, Italy is not for the faint of heart. It is a city bursting to the seams with life. It is home to roughly 2,900,000 people, locals and tourists alike, and it overflows with more art, culture, history, and style than any other city in the world.

If you are planning to visit Rome, you must remember one very simple but valuable advice. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. Live in a Roman home. This will help make your stay more memorable. Rome vacation rental homes allow you to experience authentic Roman living cheaply yet comfortably. Moreover, it lets you experience first-hand the lifestyle, sights, and sounds that you traveled continents to witness. Rome is, after all, known for its great architecture, and what could be more representative of architecture than the Rome vacation rentals offered in different neighborhoods?

In finding the Rome vacation rental that fits both your budget and your expectations, your best bet is to find sites online. This may sound easy, but once you start trawling the web, you will find that this is actually a very confusing and time-consuming activity. There are just too many sites online that offer Rome vacation rental cheaply and conveniently. Most sites are a waste of time. Some try to be helpful, but provide very little helpful information.

So, what do you look for in sites that offer Rome vacation rental?

Good Search Functionality

The first is advanced search functionality. Do not spend time clicking the links on a website, unless it provides easy navigation and quick access to advance search functionality. A good website allows you to customize your search, look for the property and amenities you want, and make your selection accordingly.

Excellent Graphic Presentation

The second thing to look for is pictures. A good website will provide you with clear photos of the Rome vacation rental available for tourists like you. Presentation sells. Why book a place halfway around the world when you are not even sure whether it's a villa or a stall?


Security is always a paramount concern, especially in online transactions. Do not plunk down money for any accommodation without first reading reviews or making inquiries. For all you know, your landlord might be a cantankerous old man who forces tenants to eat his homemade pizza and threaten them with rent increase if they don't.

Forthright Price Information

Only the village idiot would rent a property without first asking for the price. While many websites offering Rome vacation rental are coy about pricing, there are also many others that are not. One example is So, be sure to do your research on average costs first. It's an absolute no-no to rent a vacation home without first checking out its price.

A good website is one that combines all four features. It must have good search functionality, graphic presentation, security, and price information. After all, while imagination is good, it will not help you plan your dream vacation in that beautiful place touted as the City of Lights.


Sunday, April 29, 2007

Addo Elephant National Park - South African Eastern Cape

Deep within the shadows of the dense valley bushveld of the Sundays River region of the Eastern Cape lies the Addo Elephant National Park. Here, the evenings are punctuated by the strident howl of the black-backed jackal, and the francolin's call heralds each new dawn. Safe from relentless persecution in the past, the grey leviathans of the bush now roam in peace.

The original Elephant section of the park was proclaimed in 1931, when only eleven elephants remained in the area - today this finely tuned ecosystem is sanctuary to over 450 elephants, Cape buffalo, black rhino, a variety of antelope species, as well as the unique flightless dung beetle, found almost exclusively in Addo. But the Addo story has only just begun. Plans to expand the 164 000 ha Addo National Elephant Park into a 360 000 ha mega-park are moving forward at an exciting pace. This expansion is transforming Addo into the ultimate tourism destination.

Some of its unique features already include:

Unrivalled natural diversity, with five of South Africa's seven major vegetation zones (biomes).

The Big 7 (Elephant, rhino, lion, buffalo, leopard, whales and great white sharks) in their natural habitat.

Rich heritage of archaeological and historical sites.

A wide variety of accommodation and activity options.

In addition, plans include the proposed proclamation of a 120 000 ha (296 500 acre) marine reserve that includes islands that are home to the world's largest breeding populations of Cape gannets and second largest breeding population of African penguins.

5 Things To Seek:

* Elephant

* Black Rhinoceros

* Cape Buffalo (disease free)

* Suricate (Meerkat)

* Flightless Dung Beetle


Addo section:

The area is classified as semi-arid to arid, receiving an average rainfall of less than 445 mm per year. Rainfall is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year, but there are two peaks, in February-March and October-November. Frost occurs at times in winter.


Daily max - Jan 32 °C July 18 °C Daily min - Jan 15 °C July 5 °C.

There is no natural water in this section of the park and all waterholes are fed by boreholes. There are a number of small pans in the area but these are dry except in years of exceptional rainfall.

Zuurberg section:

Height above sea level varies from 250 to 970 m. Mean annual rainfall approximately 722 mm. Peaks in rainfall in spring and autumn. Unlike other fynbos areas, the winter months are the driest. Thunderstorms occur in summer months when lightning fires can be caused.

Darlington section:

Climate: average rainfall 255 mm/yr. Max temp in summer reaches 48 C and min temp just above 0 C in winter. Rainfall is mostly in the form of thundershowers and an occasional cold front from the west.

Coastal section (Woody Cape):

The mean annual rainfall varies from 392 mm at Sundays River Mouth to 700 mm near Woody Cape. Boknes to Bushmans River Mouth is the transition zone from all year rainfall to summer rainfall. The dunefield occurs in a rain shadow which receives lower rainfall than both Port Elizabeth and Alexandria. Fog and mist are common, with frost being rare.

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Saturday, April 28, 2007

Shopping in Leicester

The Victorian Clock Tower, situated at the meeting point of seven city streets, is generally acknowledged as the main meeting point in Leicester. It is also the focus point for most of the city's shops with the two main shopping centers – the Haymarket and the Shires – on either side of it. The shops located in the city center are in a pedestrianized zone where only buses are allowed. Being a geographically flat city, walking to and from shops in the city center is very easy and hassle free.

The Haymarket shopping center is located below the Haymarket bus station in the triangle of roads formed by the Haymarket, Charles Street and the High Street. It is open weekdays and Saturdays from 07:00 in the morning to 19:00 in the evening and on Sundays from 11am to 5 pm. During the Christmas period these times are generally extended by one hour. With over 50 shopping outlets, of the bigger stores only Boots and Woolworths are located within it. However, a lot of the smaller and emerging stores are to be found here including TK Max and Claire's Accessories.

Literally across the Haymarket road is the newer Shires shopping center. Here you will find a much broader range of shops including all the major High Street chains, for example Debenhams, Rackhams, The Early Learning Center, Virgin Megastore etc. With around 100 different major shops to choose from, just about all of your shopping needs can be met in here. Opening hours vary, but generally speaking; week-days 09:30 to 18:00, except Wednesday when it shuts at 20:00, Saturday it opens at 09:00 and Sunday is the usual 11:00 to 17:00. Again, extended opening hours apply during the Christmas period.

The main on-street shops in Leicester city are located on the High Street, Gallowgate and Humberstone Gate. Belvoir Street and Market Street is where you'll find relaxing cafes and bars alongside jewellers and confectioners. If your taste in shopping is a bit more quirky, then seek out the Lanes. Here you'll find coffee shops mixed in with tattoo parlors and shops that cater for an alternative clientele from that usually found on the High Street.

Leicester has a tradition of holding markets going back over 800 years. The main outdoor Leicester Market has been located in the same place for over 700 years now. It has a capacity for nearly 300 stalls catering for buyers requiring food, clothing, and ironmongery, furnishings and just about anything else you might need. It is open Monday to Saturday between 07:00 and 18:00 and is located at the Market Place above Horsefair Street. Built in 1973 and adjoining the outdoor market, Leicester also has an indoor market. This market has two floors, on the ground floor is the food hall and upstairs there are a variety of stalls which mainly sell clothing. The indoor market is open Monday to Saturday 08:00 to 17:00. There is another large market at the Beaumont Leys shopping center to the North West of the city. It has 60 stalls and again trades in a variety of goods. It is open Wednesday to Saturday 08:00 to 18:00 and on Sundays between March and November operates as a Car Boot sale market from 08:00 to 14:00. There are also regular farmers markets across the city and in November there is the annual German market hosted in Humberstone Gate, to the east along from the Clock tower, with German traders selling their wares.

Leicester has four shopping arcades catering for specialist shops and outlets; these are the Silver, Royal, Malcolm and Odeon arcades. All four arcades are located between Cank Street and Silver Street.

Leicester has a large Asian population and the Belgrave Road, running north out of the city, has many specialist shops catering for the Asian community.

In the city centre of Leicester many people could say that the city is not that well served for shops, considering its size. However, just outside the city near Junction 21 of the M1 motorway is the Fosse Park retail center. Opened in 1998, it is one of the countries largest 'out-of-town' retail parks and has oceans of free car parking space. There is also a regular bus services from the city center, making it both easily accessible and popular with Leicester shoppers. Here you'll find expansive stores with popular high street brands like BHS and M&S, mixed in with major electrical and electronics retailers along with many other High street favorites. At Fosse Park shops decide their own opening hours but, as a rule, most are open week-days and Saturdays from 09:00 to 19:00, if not later. On Sundays those stores that are open mostly use the 11:00 to 17:00 opening times. Whether your taste in refreshments is MacDonalds or Druckers, there are also many food and drink outlets on this site.

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Thursday, April 26, 2007

Still-Life Tabletop Photography Made Easy!

When it comes to simple basic Still-Life Tabletop Photography, as far as the novice 'wanna-be-photographer' is concerned there is often a mental block, when really it's quite simple, so much so that if you start to do it professionally, after a few years the trick is to stay awake.

I asked UK photographer Phil Selfe why he sold his very successful studios a few years back and he answered, "I just got bored Rog".

I remember when he was my assistant back in the seventies, I would set up the first still-life shot, then say to him, "Shoot off the rest Phil" and go out for the rest of the day.

Of course not all still-life is so mundane and in fact some still-life shots are very exacting, requiring careful planning, construction of the set and attention to lighting details, which would include running test shots to acquire the effect that was needed. Sometimes this could take a day or two to successfully complete.

If you were shooting room sets as I use to do some time back, this would require a lot more work and would involve the use of many assistants, carpenters for set building and in many cases taking days to successfully complete. You would also need some serious studio space to accomplish this type of specialist work, as I use to have.

But as UK comedian Ronnie Corbett would say "I digress", lets get back to the basics of still-life tabletop photography.

For lighting you will need an attachment to your studio flash unit called a 'Soft Box'. This is as it sounds, a box constructed in fabric, which is reflective on the inside, with a diffuse panel at the front, providing a directional soft defused light to illuminate the subject. An umbrella attachment is not sutible for this work as the spread of light is to wide.

If you don't have a studio flash unit you can buy a soft box that will attach to a hammer head flash gun. If you have a second flash head you can put this to good use by simply bouncing it off the ceiling, to help fill any shadow area.

What you will need for Still-Life Tabletop Photography.:

1. Medium Format Camera and a 'macro' lens (close focusing). Better still a 5x4inch. View camera, which has tilt and swing front and rear panels for ease of focusing.

Did you know that only one in fifteen NEW cameras sold to day, are film cameras, this means there are great bargains to be had in the use film camera market, take advantage of that right now.

2. Soft Box Attachment.

3. Tripod, a good solid one.

4. Lighting Stands, you will need two or three.

5. White Card as reflectors or as a background, size 1mtr.x70cm. from your art shop, get three.

6. Background. muslin or material, off white or neutral in color.

7. Low table about 2ftx2ft. 18 inches high.

8. Light Meter for flash exposures.

What to do:

Set up your soft box at an angle of 45 degrees to the left or right of camera and slightly to the back of the set. This should be for small still-life objects and the light should be no more than a meter away from the subject, so you are able to stop down, (set the lens aperture), to at least f22, to get as much depth-of-field as possible so the image will be in sharp focus. If you have a second flash head, use it bounced off the ceiling to help to fill any shadow area.

Fix your reflector, (white card), the opposite side to the flash and an additional reflector the other side underneath the soft box.

Use a good lens hood, such as a bellows lens hood, to keep the light from the soft box hitting the lens. It's also good practice to fix a small piece of black card, suspended over the lens of the camera to prevent any light causing flare from the lens, taking care that the black card doesn't clip the picture area, or effect you meter reading.

Make test exposures to find out the best result and after some experimentation, you will find the results that you want. It's also good to "bracket" your exposures, which means to make three exposures, one at half a stop, (f.stop number), above the reading and one at half a stop below, choosing the best density of the three exposures made. Most pro photographers, even after a tests, use this as standard practice. Film is cheap and digital is nothing.

Now if you think that there is some other 'magic' formula that the pros use to shoot simple still life, your WRONG. This is the most used pro photo still-life set up, but of course there many exceptions to the rule and not all still life work is table top.

Final comment: The best way to become an accomplished photographer in still-life or other work, is go work for one as an assistant. It's the way most good pro photographers make it.

Happy shooting.

Wednesday, April 25, 2007

Edinburgh - Off the Beaten Track

Edinburgh really is a beautiful city. I'd like to introduce you to a bit more of Edinburgh than just the usual places to visit such as Edinburgh Castle and the Royal Mile. Edinburgh is wonderful for all the views down to sea at the Firth of Forth. All my suggestions are free, so you can have a great day without paying any admission charges. I always think that walking around is the great way to see a city but it would be bit much to walk around all these places. Lothian Buses run an excellent service with a £1 flat ticket for any journey, you can also buy a one day pass for £2.50. Parking around central Edinburgh costs between 70 pence and one pound per hour. There are different zones each with their own hours, days and charges.

Calton Hill

Calton Hill, at the eastern end of Princes Street is the most centrally located attraction in this guide. The views from Calton Hill are outstanding over the city and across the Forth Estuary towards Fife and over the Edinburgh skyline. Calton Hill is home to the National Monument an Athenian style acropolis built in 1822 to commemorate the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo. Some say the monument was not finished due to lack of funds, other say it was intended as a folly. The old Observatory and the City Observatory are also at Calton Hill.

Holyrood Park

Holyrood Park is an amazing haven, so close to the city centre. The park was originally used by royal hunting parties The park covers 650 acres. if you are feeling energetic you can climb Arthur's Seat for great panoramic views. There are several footpaths you can follow around the park, without too much of a climb. There is a road which circumvents the park with several free car parks. However the roads are usually closed on Sundays.

Water of Leith Walkway

Poetically know as the "silver thread in a ribbon of green", the Water of Leith Walkway, is a 12 mile path from Balerno to Leith. It is a unique walk, you can hardly believe that you are so close to the hustle and bustle of a city. I've never done all the walk in one stretch but have walked on most parts on different occasions. I like the walkway between Canon Mills and Dean village, You can try the Dean Village Walk to find our about the history of the village. The Dean Gallery of Modern Art is a few minutes from the walkway. There are public toilets at Cannon Mills and Stockbridge. There is also a wide selection of cafes and restaurants around these areas.

Botanic Gardens

The Royal Botanical Gardens were established in 1670 and contain 6% of all known plants. It's free to enter the gardens but there is an admission charge of £3.50 for the greenhouses. There are various areas including the Chinese Hillside, the Rock Garden and Woodland Garden. The gardens are only a few minutes walk from the Canonmills exit of the Water of Leith Walkway.

Craigentinny Marbles

I came across the so called Craigentinny Marbles by accident on my way to Portobello. It was so weird to see this grand classical style mausoleum in the middle of streets of 1930s bungalows. William Henry Miller, who owned the then Craigentiny estate wanted to be buried in the open fields rather than in a churchyard. In 1848 that may have been the case, maybe now he may be reconsidering, thinking that a graveyard might now be a more appropriate setting than a housing estate. The Miller Mausoleum has bas relief sculptures of biblical scenes on 2 sides. Miller requested that he was buried at a depth of 40 feet, prompting rumours about his gender due to a slim build, weak voice and lack of facial hair. If he was buried so deeply there would be little opportunity for grave robbers to strike.

Portobello Beach

Portobello Beach is three miles east of the city centre. On a clear day you can see over the Firth of Forth to the county of Fife and the three Lomond Hills. A walk along the promenade is usually pretty refreshing.

Sean Connery worked as lifeguard at now demolished outdoor Portobello Swimming Pool in the 1950s. There's an indoor 25 metre swimming pool with a Turkish bath
situated on the prom.

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Tuesday, April 24, 2007

Tourist Information On Wakefield

The Wakefield borough comprises more than forty towns and villages, including woodlands and countryside, and the principle city has a population of almost 80,000 people.

The history of the city dates back to the Middle Ages, and much time and care has been devoted to preserving and excavating the city's archaeological treasures. But the numerous museums, heritage centres and historical sites do not detract from the city's vibrant, modern atmosphere. The thriving nightlife, cultural facilities and top quality restaurants make the city a popular place to visit, and the £100million regeneration plans are sure to further increase tourism to the area. History
Wakefield has existed since the medieval era, and gained industrial importance from its cloth-dealing industry. Coal mining provided much employment in the area, and Wakefield was hit hard by the closure of the pits during the mid- to late twentieth century. Caphouse Colliery, the oldest working mine in the country, has since been converted into the National Coal Mining Museum, providing tours several times a day, exhibitions and educational events.

Sandal Castle, immortalised by the rhyme 'The Grand Old Duke of York', is the ruin of the castle at which the Duke of York was defeated during The War of the Roses, and is open to the public today.

Art Galleries

The Wakefield Art Gallery is home to a vast collection of paintings and sculptures, dating from the sixteenth to the twentieth century. Local sculptors, Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth, are well reflected in the gallery's collections. The gallery is close to the city centre and located in a nineteenth century town house.

The Hepworth will replace this gallery in 2008, as it is believed The Wakefield Art Gallery is not able to display the works to their best advantage.

The Yorkshire Sculpture Park is based in 200-year old landscaped gardens, and comprises four exhibition areas, showcasing a variety of sculptures and art installations. Theatres
The Wakefield Theatre Royal and Opera House comprises three levels and seating for 500 people. The building is Grade II listed Victorian, and retains much of its original dramatic ambience and acoustics. The theatre is incredibly successful, with an annual turnover of £1million, and presents a busy programme of drama, comedy, musicals and lectures. As with many theatres, its most popular production is that of the annual Christmas pantomime.

The Wakefield Cycle is the performance of 32 plays, based on Bible and folk stories, in various locations around the city over 32 days. The 'cycle' is an ancient British tradition, but Wakefield's is one of only four remaining. No dates have yet been set for 2007.
The Stagecoach Theatre Arts School stage performances twice a year.


The Cow Shed is the sixteenth century, Grade II listed building that inspired Joanne Harris's novel, 'Chocolat'. The restaurant serves contemporary grilled food and offers a choice of indoor and outdoor seating. Catering for up to 60 people is available.

The Kaye Arms serves contemporary British cuisine and snacks, with an extensive, international wine list. The restaurant is family-run and has been trading for forty years.
Rinaldi Ristorante Italiano is an Italian fine dining restaurant, serving traditional Italian cuisine and an extensive choice of specials. Other Italian fine dining restaurants include Valentinos and Bella Roma.

Spice Cottage and Aggrah are popular Indian restaurants that serve quality food at reasonable rates. Thai Kitchen's prices are higher, but its dishes are authentic Thai that have been praised by critics and customers.


The Westgate Run is a 500-yard stretch, that forms a popular (and notorious) pub-crawl.
Harry's Bar is one of twenty on The Westgate Run, voted 'Pub of the Season' in Spring 2006 by CAMRA, and listed in Good Beer Guide.

The Redoubt is another real ale bar, and regarded as the start of 'The Run'. The pub is separated into snugs, lounges and games room, and staff are said to be friendly and welcoming. The Union is another place to start, and serves a wide selection of beers, wines and cocktails.

Escobar is a more upmarket establishment, with higher prices and playing host to live music events and DJs in the evenings. Mex is a reasonably priced cocktail bar, and Pink Lizard is an upmarket cafe-bar.


Club Ikon is one of the most popular clubs in the city, and offers trance and hard house, including a Ministry of Sound night. There are separate nights for under-18s and over-21s, but the majority of nights are for the 18+ crowd.

Mustang Sally's is a popular student club, presenting cheesy pop and commercial dance. ICE nightclub is also loved by students, and offers techno, tech-trance, hardstyle and house music most nights, and r'n'b, hip-hop and funk on others.

With a capacity of 1400, Club Havana is the largest of the club, bar and lounge complexes in the city. The club is open every night, and presents 70s and 80s retro, soul and funk.
Zeus is the city's most popular gay club, offering chart music and sing-along classics.


Wakefield's markets have been in existence since 1204, and there are currently eight of them. Regular markets trade in food, electricals, new and second-hand clothing, and much more. Specialist markets held at various times throughout the year include a Farmers Market and a Victorian Market. There is a second-hand market on Tuesdays and a Car Boot Sale on Sundays.

The Ridings Shopping Centre comprises 90 stores, including major retailers such as Miss Selfridge and Marks and Spencer. There is a multi-kiosk food court with family entertainment and seating for 300 people, secure parking, and a car hand wash and valet service.

Carlton Lanes Shopping Centre includes 50 stores, a multi-kiosk food court and secure parking.

The Wakefield Superbowl comprises 28 ten-pin bowling lanes, an amusements area, a cafe and licensed bar; and provides different special offers every day. F1 Indoor Karting is another choice for a family day out, and is open seven days a week.

Knottingley Sports Centre is one of five leisure centres in the city, and comprises a large pool and licensed snack bar. There are athletics and martial arts classes, and fitness facilities. Lightwaves Leisure Centre is larger, and comprises a leisure pool with wave machine and slides, and facilities for badminton, squash and five-a-side football.

Pontefract Golf Centre is an ideal course for beginners and those seeking a more relaxed game. Spring Mill Golf Course offers tuition for children and the more experienced.

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Sunday, April 22, 2007

Take Spectacular Nighttime Photos with Your Digital Camera - Part II

Night photographs can take on a somewhat charming quality you may happen lacking in normal daytime photography. Amazing nighttime images certainly can pull attention. As the sun travels down, however, it goes harder to capture mental images without the proper equipment and techniques. Thus, as was mentioned in Part I of this series, taking unbelievable nighttime photos necessitates a batch of planning.

When your digital photographic camera have less light, it cannot absorb the milieu as well in the resulting photographs. Some images may turn out too dark. Others can be too blurry. Your photographic camera necessitates more than time to absorb adequate visible light to make an effectual picture, so any shaking of the device will result in photos lacking sharpness.

To counterbalance for the deficiency of lighting, here are respective things you can make with most center and high-end digital photographic cameras to acquire the results you need. Part three of this series will go on with even more than expert ideas.

* You may believe that professional photographers take a big amount of time to put up a shot, execute complex calculations, talking about all kinds of subjects such as as f-stops, shoot 1 exposure that accurately stands for their reading of a peculiar scene, and then leave.

While most of this may be true, the last portion - only taking one photograph - is far from it. Many, if not most, professional photographers commonly take a battalion of shots for every subject! Traditional photographers can travel through axial rotations and axial rotations of movie on a single shoot, and digital photographers may utilize GBS of memory.

Professionals cognize that no substance how well everything have been factored in when scene up a shot, 'stuff happens'. It is better to take time shot a peculiar topic 10 times and acquire one outstanding exposure than to take one or two photos that bend out bleary or dull.

Most photographers execute a fast one called bracketing, where they intentionally set their photographic camera scenes in little increases in lawsuit their computations were not precisely correct.

Heed this advice when taking photographs at night. If you have got a peculiar topic you desire to reproduce in digital form, don't trust on taking 'the 1 perfect shot', but take respective photographs in lawsuit jobs happen with the lighting, or deficiency thereof.

Remember, you're shooting digitally, which intends you can later throw out all the bad photos in your camera's practical 'trash can', and no 1 ever necessitates to know! I can't state you how many times I've done this, especially when taking late-night changeables of the Windy City cityscape in places I couldn't convey a tripod. I may hit 100s of shots and only maintain a few dozen.

* If your digital photographic camera have a particular nighttime mode, survey your manual and larn how to enable this feature. Perhaps your photographic camera have a button or dial next to a graphical of a half-moon to mean this setting. This plant well for some late-night situations.

* Forget about using the flash unless you buy a high-quality adjunct flash unit. Flash shoots a explosion of visible light out of your photographic camera and plant most effectively when your topic is within a few feet. If your topic is a long manner away, your small flash unit of measurement will never attain it effectively.

Nighttime picture taking necessitates a little other work out of you and your digital camera. To forestall against errors and addition the opportunity of a dramatic shot, it may be necessary to take the same image multiple times, adjusting your photographic camera scenes slightly to assist guarantee at least one image will come up out well. The digital photographic camera manual must be studied, as many high-end cameras incorporate automatic characteristics to assist take better photos. And, a natural inclination most people have got to utilize flash must be avoided. By heeding this advice, you can larn to take dramatic nighttime photos.

Look forward to article three in this series in the close future!

Saturday, April 21, 2007

Take Spectacular Nighttime Photos with your Digital Camera - Part I

Night photos show a particular something that cannot be seen in normal daytime photography. Whether it is a exposure of a moon and starlit sky over a windy deserted beach, the exhilaration of a business district cityscape when the visible lights travel on, or just a image of you and some friends in presence of a favourite hangout, nighttime photos, when done right, are certain to pull attention.

However, even for experienced photographers, nighttime picture taking can be a slippery situation. Photos often look unfocused, blurry, or lacking important details, and many may not come up out at all. There are some tricks, though, to taking dramatic nighttime photos with your digital camera, fast ones that tin be explained yet only completely learned through practice.

This first portion of a three-part series on nighttime picture taking will cover fast ones not necessarily related to digital photographic photographic camera settings, but fast ones nonetheless that tin result in better photographs or a more than than pleasing photo-taking experience.

* Although more expensive digital photographic photographic cameras make not necessarily result in better photos, recognize that the cheapest cameras may not be capable of taking great photographs at night. It necessitates more than work, both on your's and the camera's part, to take dramatic shots in very low-light situations. Though you don't have got to pass over a thousand dollars for nighttime photography, don't anticipate too much out of a sub-two hundred-dollar camera, either.

* Especially if you are not completely familiar with your camera's scenes to heighten nighttime photography, see first taking some photos around dusk, when the sun have not yet completely left the sky. Twilight photographs can sometimes be even more than dramatic than those taken in the pitch-black sky, as the added visible light assists light inside information easily missed in a completely dark environment Check your local newspaper where you are shooting photographs or a website such as as for sunrise/sunset times, and be ready to hit around a 20-30 minute window for best results.

* Plan your photos before you shoot! While it is always a good thought to analyze an country first, this is important if you are planning on snapping photos around dusk! You will not have got much time to plan, and if you pass five or 10 proceedings just getting a perfect angle or framing the perfect shot, the overall lighting will change as the sun slowly sets. And of course, retrieve when composing your photographs that the sun sets in the west.

* Beryllium prepared for the environment. If you're heading out by yourself, especially in a semi-deserted wilderness area, always transport a map so you retrieve how to acquire to your home, camp, or hotel. Check the weather condition before you travel and wear a poncho or coat if necessary. Carry a flashlight, or, in the most utmost environments, a flare, to assist others happen you if you go lost. Also, convey along a WELL-CHARGED cell telephone in lawsuit of emergency! You're taking photographs at nighttime to have got merriment and make dramatic results. Be prepared for unexpected states of affairs so they don't destroy your experience.

While the results can be outstanding, nighttime picture taking shows its ain alone benefits and hazards. Not just any digital photographic camera will do; lower-end exemplaries may not have got the capableness of taking dramatic shots. Timing is crucial, especially when taking images in the little time between twilight and entire darkness. And, the environment and weather condition can play mayhem with your plans. By buying the right equipment, studying the topic country before nighttime falls, and dealing with unexpected states of affairs with the right nighttime gear, you can be better prepared to take astonishing nighttime photos.

Thursday, April 19, 2007

Thursday Rock

Thursday, a post-hardcore band, is from New Brunswick, New Jersey. The set formed in 1997. Their first full-length album was released in 1999 with a New Jersey based company called indie Eyeball Records. Thursday is known for their notable advancements of artistic nature; many of the sets songs are as a result of books, existent world events, and fine art of assorted forms. Successfully emerging from the belowground indie scene, Thursday at the bend of the century attracted Victory Records attentios.

The set gained important commercial radiocommunication airtime when they released their 2nd record album which became a breakthrough. Their hit single "Understanding In A Car Crash", landed the set a major label record trade with Island. Their hopes were in continuing to make music and an mental image that truely represented themselves. This hope resulted in a brilliant artistic piece in which the set perfected their sound. The full aggregation of Thursday albums were produced by Sal Villanueva and amalgamated by Rumble Fish.

Thursday Set members are: Geoff Rickley (vocals), Uncle Tom Keeley (guitar), Steve Pedulla (guitar), Tim Payne (bass), Benjamin Ricketson Tucker Rule (drums) and last but not least Saint Andrew Everding (keyboard).

The sound of Thursday is built upon both post-punk static and hardcore's visceral instrumentation. Repeated high-pitch guitar Riffs stacked on top of heavy bass lines repeat Thursday's British influences such as as The Cure, The Smiths, and Joy Division as well as New House Of York City's Sonic Youth. There is the odd time signatures, pacing and cardinal changes, and multi-sectional song constructions also play a outstanding role, kindred to progressive stone sets such as as Yes and Rush. Lyrically, Thursday is a chef-d'oeuvre with Pb singer Geoff Rickly. Geoff concentrates on the battles of growing up in the world today using violent imagination along side shimmering, and often beautiful phrases.

Thursday's Discography

* Wait (December 6, 1999, Eyeball Records)

* Full Collapse (October 18, 2001, Victory Records)

* War All The Time (September 16, 2003, Island Records)

Thursday's Singles

* 2001 - "Understanding In A Car Crash"

* 2002 - "Cross Out The Eyes"

* 2003 - "Signals Over The Air"

* 2003 - "For The Workforce, Drowning"

* 2004 - "War All The Time"

Tuesday, April 17, 2007

Low Light and Night Photography

As the visible light fades, make ideas of picture taking decline also? If that's the manner you believe then read on as we will be showing you that low visible light picture taking is awash with opportunities!
Images, whether from movie or digital cameras, demand 1 ingredient... light. How then can photographers acquire good mental images in low visible light conditions? Using flash would be one way. But even the most dimly lit scene have some visible light - and that agency the possible for a great photo!
What equipment will I need?
Well, you will necessitate a photographic camera as well as charged batteries, that's for sure. Also, a tripod is invaluable for exposures lasting greater than 1/30th 2nd (1/60th in some cases). A torch, a nice lens system and believe about a distant shutter release - using long shutter velocities intends the possible for photographic camera shingle and blurred mental images is even greater than usual (the option is to utilize a ego timing chemical mechanism to trip the shutter).
What about achromatic balance?
Night time often intends scenes lit with unreal light. This volition inevitably give a coloring material cast of characters to your shots although this tin be pleasing sometimes. There are many types of lighting (tungsten, halogen, fluorescent) and they will all come up out with different coloring material projects - unrecorded with it! Try different achromatic balance scenes to see what consequence it have on the concluding image.
How make I cipher the exposure?
This tin be difficult. But with modern digital photographic cameras you can see the results immediately and therefore do any accommodations consecutive away. Your metre may lie! Be ready to change the scenes (and give a longer exposure). Night time shots can be very contrasty (bright visible lights and deep shadows) - the photographic camera won't be able to get by with the appendages of exposure so just change the scenes yourself until you are happy with the results! You may necessitate to utilize the "B" or "Bulb" setting to hold your shutter unfastened for long periods.
What can I exposure at night?
Virtually anything! The picks are almost limitless. We propose you consider:
Harry Bridges
Cars / vehicles
Lit houses / public houses / stores
People (motion film over can be a utile effect)
Street lights
Reflections in lakes, pools

Look around for other ideas. Don't bury if there is any visible light at all, it can be turned into an image.
To cipher exposures you can utilize a rule of pollex - see below for unsmooth illustrations of exposure times. However, each circumstance will necessitate a different attack so you can anticipate to set things frequently!
Night (assume f16 ISO 100)
Town / City 20 second
Signs / Lights 2 seconds
Streets 20 seconds
Streets 20 seconds
Churches 30 second
Fairgrounds 10 - 15 seconds
Candlelight 60 seconds
Fireworks 1 - 60 seconds

One interesting facet of nighttime picture taking is the recording of moving trails of light. Cars, buses, trains, motorcycles will have got bright headlamps and tail visible lights which will enter as trails across your mental image if you hit them whilst they are moving with a slow shutter velocity of anything from 2 - 20 seconds. Try it! The same travels for fairground rides. And don't bury that you can make your ain trails with statically lit physical objects by zooming in or our during a long exposure or even panning the tripod head.

By taking a shot of a scene with, say, as halt of under exposure and a halt of over exposure, you will be more than likely to capture an mental image that is correctly exposed. Bright visible lights tells the photographic camera to underexpose. Many photographic cameras will have got automatic exposure bracketing to let this to be done with minimum fuss! You are trying to enter some item in the shadows without combustion out the highlights. If you take an mental image of a scene at 4 2nd exposure, take the same scene with 8 secs and 2 seconds. In this manner you will be likely to acquire the exposure you are looking for.
Night picture taking “feels” different. Different sights, different sounds, different locations and different photographic camera settings. Cipher is an expert – we all have got to experiment. With modern digital photographic cameras this is something that tin easily be achieved.
Rich Person fun!

Beer Brewing 101 - How To Make Cheap (But Great Tasting) Beer

If you enjoy drinking beer, but don't enjoy the high prices of going to a bar or restaurant for a decent brew, you can brew your own beer in your kitchen. If you are tired of paying a lot of money for beer that you think tastes like cat piss, you should consider brewing it yourself.

Beer brewing is not really a difficult thing to do, if you have a bit of patience, you can really get a great tasting beer the first time you brew. If you want to do a bit of home brewing for the first time, you are probably going to want to get a kit that will help you. Then, invite a few friends to come over and give you a hand. Don't forget that brewing beer isn't an instant process, so you will have to buy a couple of six packs to tide you over until it is ready.

If you can boil water, you can make a delicious beer (and if you can't boil water, don't worry, there are several kits that you can buy, which you don't even need to boil water to make). Don't worry; you don't really need a lot of equipment to get a great tasting beer. You will need at least one large container to store the beer in while it is fermenting (impress your friends by calling it a 'carboy'), a large pan (to boil water and mix ingredients in), a siphon tube, and a hydrometer (which will tell you whether the beer is done or not).

To make your first batch of beer, you are going to follow three basic steps: clean, brew and bottle. If this is your first time brewing, it may take a bit longer, but once you have the hang of it, the cleaning and brewing part of the beer making process should take about 90 minutes for each batch.

If you want great tasting beer, you need to make sure that you have the best water and clean equipment. If your containers are dirty, it is definitely going to affect the way that your beer tastes. If you don't want to sanitize your stuff, make sure that you delegate the task to someone who will.

Brewing is about as easy as boiling water and stirring in the ingredients. The amount of each ingredient is going to change depending on the type of beer you are brewing, but all you have to do is boil some of the water and add the grains. Follow the instructions for the particular type of beer that you are making. The last step is to add the yeast, which will start the fermentation process.

Then the hard part begins: waiting. It takes at least five days for the beer to be ready for bottling, and depending on the type of beer, it can take a lot more time (which is why you are now glad that you took the advice of buying a couple of six packs to tide you over).

If you want your beer to look as great as it will taste, you can put them in glass bottles. This is the final step, and one that every brew master will like, because the sooner you put the last cap on the bottle, the sooner you can get out the bottle opener and crack open one of your handcrafted beers.

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Monday, April 16, 2007

The Grand Canyon Never Grows Old

Though the Grand Canyon National Park tops the list of most popular tourist attractions, it cannot be denied it has a lot of beauty to offer. Breathtaking beauty, in fact.

Down the Canyon you'll see the Colorado River and if you're hardy you may like a hike of one mile down the gorge. Being 275 miles long and between a quarter of a mile to 15 miles wide (average is approximately 10 miles) depending on your starting point.

Because of its massive size, there are two different sides of the Grand Canyon, the more tourist orientated South Rim which is open year around, and the more secluded North Rim which is closed during the winter season.

The South Rim offers more educational value with bus tours around the rim stopping at observation points for photo opportunities, hiking down the trails, rafting along the river, or even taking a flight through the gorge. Wheelchair facilities are also offered as well as shuttle buses when an appointment is made ahead of time.

The commercialism is very slight on the the North Rim wtih beautiful natural sight thrills coming from the light patterns on the Canyon walls as day becomes nighttime.

Accommodation is limited in the Grand Canyon, especially on the North Rim so if you intend to stay overnight in the park to experience both a sunset and a sunrise be sure to make a reservation far in advance of your vacation period.

So there you have both choices of experiencing the Grand Canyon - the North and South Rims. But any way you look at it, the sheer awesome magnitude of the natural phenomenon (maybe the Noah's Flood event really did cause this gorge?!) is enough to turn an atheist into a reluctant believer - maybe.

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Saturday, April 14, 2007

What is an Arpeggio?

Perhaps you have got got heard the word arpeggio being tossed around by other musicians, but have absolutely no hint what they were talking about. Simply defined, an arpeggio mentions to playing the short letters within a chord in rapid succession. On the guitar, this tin be done by either using a choice or your fingers.

Incorporating arpeggios into your guitar playing can be a very simple matter, or a very complicated one, depending on your attack to the subject. Because I am a guitar teacher, I generally seek to happen ways to present my pupils to new techniques that are easy to understand and relatively easy to do. So let's see if I can assist you larn how to play an arpeggio today.

If you desire to utilize a fingerpicking style to play an arpeggio, then you necessitate to cognize how the right manus fingers are identified. There are four letters, p-i-m-a, which stand up for the Spanish words: pulgar, indicio, medio, and anular. These four letters stand for each finger as follows:

p = thumb

i = index finger

m = center finger

a = ring finger

When you are trying an arpeggio for the first time, then I propose you start with a chord, or chord progression, that you can play fairly well. For our intent today, we will start with the chord Type A major and then advancement to a chord patterned advance in the cardinal of A.

While holding an A major chord, play each twine that is identified in the form below with the corresponding fingers of your right hand. Practice it respective times until your fingers acquire accustomed to the movement. Be careful to keep a relaxed "cupped" manus in order to avoid latent hostility and fatigue.

1 ---------------a-----------
2 ----------m------m-------
3 -------i---------------i----
4 ---------------------------
5 ----p----------------------
6 ---------------------------

Notice that your pollex (p) is playing an unfastened Type A on the bass twine which is also the name of the chord.

The form utilizes 8th short letters in 3/4 time and is counted:

p i meter a meter i
One & 2 & 3 &

One complete sequence of the form is equal to one measurement of music.

Now seek playing the same form using a Vitamin D major chord and then an Vitamin E major chord. Travel your pollex to play the unfastened bass twine which places the name of the chord you are on. The other fingers (i-m-a) will play the same twines on all three chords.

Once you are comfortable playing an arpeggio with the chords: A major, Vitamin D major, and Vitamin E major, seek playing the same chord patterned advance as it is used in the Christmastide song Silent Night. Here is the link:

Silent Night

Have fun!

Friday, April 13, 2007

Whole Life Insurance, Universal Life Or Variable Life?

You may want whole life insurance but did you know that it is only one type of permanent life insurance? Here's a brief overview of the different types to help you when shopping for a quote.

Unlike term life insurance, permanent life insurance doesn't have a set term that will end and your beneficiaries no longer get a death benefit. What's more, permanent life insurance policies can build up cash value, money that you can receive before you die, and thus are also considered a supplementary investment vehicle. The basic types of permanent life insurance are whole life insurance, universal life insurance and variable life insurance.

With whole life insurance you pay a set premium for the life of the policy. The amount of your death benefit also stays the same. The savings portion is usually a dividend.

Universal life, also known as adjustable life insurance, is a more flexible policy in that you can increase the death benefit as long as you pass a medical exam. Your cash value typically grows at money market interest rates and after awhile can be used to help offset your premium.

Variable life pays a death benefit and also accumulates cash value based on investing in stocks, bonds and mutual funds. Because of this, there is an element of risk.

Permanent life insurance usually costs more than term life insurance because of these features. After you've decided what type of insurance is best for your situation, make sure to get several comparison quotes as rates can vary from one company to another. You can get quotes online from either the life insurance companies' Web sites directly, or through a Web site that allows you to get several comparison quotes at once.

Before you buy, you'll want to thoroughly understand the policy and don't be afraid to ask your agent or the company representative questions.

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Thursday, April 12, 2007

Cannabis Vodka - A Brand New Vodka With A Cannabis Kick

It was only a matter of time before someone came up with the idea of mixing vodka with cannabis. This drink is the newest trend that can be found in bars and clubs across Europe and originated in the Czech republic. People over the years have enjoyed mixing the stems and seeds of the cannabis plant with many different recipes including brownies and tea. Now you can enjoy a great quality vodka with a subtle herbal aftertaste in your home.

Cannabis vodka is hard to get and is only sold by a few stores around the world. You have to make sure that you are buying authentic cannabis vodka and not some homemade bootleg version. Many people enjoy brewing their own homemade vodka with stems and seeds but this can be a time consuming process. You can find the real thing online on at absinthe liquor suppliers.

This new vodka hybrid is composed of very simple ingredients. The blend is a 40 percent cereal alcohol with spring water and sugar and is bottled with cannabis sativa seeds. These seeds are more commonly known as the Beniko species. Each one of these seeds contains a small trace amount of THC which is released into the vodka. THC is also very similar on a molecular level to the herb Thujone which is the
psychoactive ingredient in absinthe.

Now I know what you might be asking: "Is this stuff legal to buy and drink?" Their is no need to worry about buying or drinking cannabis vodka because it is completely legal and can be purchased in every country with the exception of Australia. You can absolutely buy this stuff and have it shipped anywhere in the world without any legal consequences.

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Tuesday, April 10, 2007

Celebrating Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn's 400th Birthday in 2006

The Year 2006 Marks the 400th birthday of the superb creative person Rembrandt Van Rijn Harmenszoon avant garde Rijn. Max Born on July 15, 2006 in Leyden of the Netherlands, Rembrandt Van Rijn became the top painter of the Dutch Golden Age. He had an astonishing gift of capturing visible light and dark in paint, and was a true Dutch master.

Holland Remembers Rembrandt

Holland is making readyings to observe Rembrandt's birthday with a assortment of celebrations including performances, exhibits and tours. Rembrandt's plant such as as the celebrated "Night Watch" and "Jewish Bride" pictures will be exhibited in the Rijksmuseum of Dutch Capital throughout the twelvemonth 2006. To liven up the exhibits, the museum will also display "fake" pictures that were once thought to be Rembrandt's on March 9, 2006 through May 31, 2006.

Rembrandt's stopping point neckties with Hebraism are revealed in many of his pictures that have got a Biblical theme, which will be on display in an exhibit at the Judaic Historical Museum from November 10, 2006 through February 4, 2007.

Rembrandt fans will be able to tour his birthplace, Leiden, where Rembrandt Van Rijn Van Rijn Van Rijn Van Rijn lived for 25 years. They can also bask musical public presentations about Rembrandt Van Rijn Van Rijn at the Royal Carre Theater in Dutch Capital during July 2006.

A Life of Contributions

The jubilations will not only concentrate on Rembrandt's birth, but also his successes in the fine art world. Rembrandt Van Rijn is known for creating more than than 600 paintings, almost 2,000 drawings and about 300 etchings during his career. Although he had some very unsettling times during his life, Rembrandt Van Rijn still managed to lend fine art that would be enjoyed for many centuries.

Art fans from around the world will be able to research the life of a great creative person and larn about an astonishing time in history.

Monday, April 09, 2007

Night Photography: Photographing The Moon In The Landscape

Photographers have been trying to utilize the light of the moon in their landscape photography ever since the photographic process was invented. It was not until World War II, however, that technology had improved enough to make night photography possible.

Today, despite technological advances, knowing the phase of the moon during a nighttime photography shoot is important as it will affect everything from the type of equipment that you'll need to the actual composition of your photos.

When embarking on a night photography trip, there are standard types of equipment that you will need to take with you.

A 35mm camera that will allow you to manually set very long exposure times is a must
A good, sturdy tripod is mandatory
A cable release
A good carrying case or a vest with a lot of pockets for your equipment
Extra batteries for your camera
Many rolls of slow or medium film (60 or 100 ISA—NEVER use 400 ISA even if it’s what happens to be in your camera. Your photos will turn out much too grainy to be useful).
Lenses with which you are already comfortable
A stopwatch rather than a wristwatch to record exposure lengths is preferable. Stopwatches are more accurate and will give you more reliable information for future moon photography shoots.
A notebook and several pens for recording exposure times and other important information
A flashlight so that you can easily record your information

Remember that if this is your first attempt at night photography by moonlight, you will largely spend your time experimenting. The resulting photographs and your records will help you plan your next venture more effectively.

The best times for landscape photography without additional light sources, or looking at it in a different manner, away from city lights, is either when the moon is full, the two days before the full moon and the two days after the full moon. Any clouds in the sky will also affect the amount of light available for your night photography, just as they would if you were shooting during the day.

You will have to experiment with your exposure times as so many elements will affect the outcome. The degree of available moonlight; any other light sources; clouds; rain; light reflective surfaces; each of them can make a huge difference to the amount of exposure time needed.

In general, during night photography, one can say that on a night of full moon, with optimum conditions, 8 seconds at f/8 using ISO 100 film will be about right. If there’s a crescent moon and conditions are also optimal, you’ll need as much as 10 hours on one shot! So you see, experimentation while photographing the moon is really the only way to go.

Repeat your shots with different exposure lengths so that you can get a feel for what your camera will do for you.

A very nice composition for a moonscape might include the moon with beams bouncing off of a river, stream or creek.

As the moon moves through its different phases, you can still enjoy landscape photography at night although you may have to bring some "extras" and move locations.

Different moonscape compositions to experiment with during your moonlight photography shoot include:

A waxing crescent, or a small portion of the moon, hanging in the sky over sparkling city lights.
Bring a flash or a flash unit to your moon photography shoot in order to illuminate an abandoned house, use colored gels to get different color effects and have a muted last quarter moon lurking in the background.
As the moon goes from full to new, you can play with light effects from the stars or allow car lights to streak through your composition.

When photographing the moon, be sure to record not only the length of time that you exposed your film, but also general weather conditions and what phase the moon was in. This will help you to produce better photos in the future.

Night photography becomes easier when you're able to plan properly so knowing how much natural light is likely to be available will help you pick the right time to go out and what kind of equipment to take.

Nighttime landscape photography is a creative, rewarding challenge that every keen photographer should try.

Sunday, April 08, 2007

How to Start an Online Travel Agency Working From Home

Have you noticed that there are not many store front travel agencies these days? I guess it may have had a lot to do with the fact that many people are using their computer to book their own flights online. Also, after the disaster in New York on September 11th, people were scared to travel and a few years ago, a couple airlines lay off their workers and caused a slow period in the travel industry.

However, I think the main reason is the comfort of booking a flight from your own personal computer that fascinates the consumer to a do-it-yourself attitude. In lieu of this fact, it is apparent that an online travel agency is a good idea for a business opportunity to assist these consumers with trip planning and other customer service issues that they may still need.

There are two types of home travel businesses:

· Referral travel agencies

· Booking and selling agencies

A Referral travel agent is the easier of the two because all it requires is a word of mouth advertising to guide the customer to the online portal where they can book their flight. It is also a relationship business because the referrals in most cases come from family, friends and associates first.

The referring travel agent is compensated with a paid commission, which is decided in advance by the agency to which the referral will go. It is easy to be an online travel agent because it only requires handing out business cards, flyers and maybe placing online ads. There is no immediate contact with the customer unless it is someone who needs additional questions answered. This can be done on a part time basis until the full time income is replaced, then anyone make the transition to a full time business.

The booking and selling agencies fall into a category of only one travel agency. Since we have already confirmed that these agencies are not so popular anymore, we will only concentrate on the referring travel agent.

A referring travel agent does not need to know too much in-depth information about the specific travel details. All they do is to direct people to the website where they book their own flights and get help directly from the airline. In the case of the booking and selling agencies, they have to do the hard work of finding out all the information for the customer, which can be quite time consuming.

If you are considering the opportunity that is open to being a referral travel agent, be sure to find out if the company is stable, if they provide adequate customer service, what the compensation is, can you work full time or part time, do you need any special training, and is it something I can recommend to others with confidence.

One of the perks of being a referring travel agent is that you can work from home, you work on your own time, you get free trips called FAM trips, you get to travel first class, you get discounted air fares and priority baggage claim.

Once you have decided to pursue a travel business opportunity, make sure you treat this as a real business. Get a business name, if possible and a tax identification number. Keep good records of income and expenses because this business is tax deductible. Your vacation trips can be tax write offs if you use it also to refer travel to others.

I would also suggest that you choose a travel category and learn as much as you can about it and specialize in that category. An example is cruises or honeymoon packages. With cruises, you can target the baby boomers who love to take cruises and for the honeymoon packages, you target anyone you know who is thinking or planning to get married.

Let your enthusiasm about this travel business be infectious to everyone you meet. Make sure you take some vacations that you can talk about or suggest to your clients. Educate yourself and take this business seriously.

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Saturday, April 07, 2007

Wine Terms You Should Know

If you're new to the world of wine, you've probably come across terms that you haven't heard before. Don't be put off by foreign sounding words. Wine, like all subjects, has its own vocabulary. Here are some common terms that you should know:


Sometimes called the sour factor, acidity refers to the tartness that is a result of the citric, malic, or lactic acid of the grapes. The acidity also acts as a preservative.


A geographic region where a wine's grapes are grown and made into wine.


The smell of the wine, especially during the first year, as opposed to the bouquet which develops later during the aging and fermenting process. The aroma can be fruity, smoky, floral, etc.


Aerating the wine by pouring it into another decanter. This also removes any sediment from the wine.


Fining refers to the filtration process in wine making. Wine goes through a clarification and filtration process in order to remove unwanted material.


Sommelier is a wine expert. Sommeliers have extensive training and maintain wine collections at fine restaurants. Sommeliers will help you pair your meal with the perfect wine.


The characteristics of a particular growing region--it's soil, water, and climate that determine the quality of the grapes and resulting wine. You could say terroir is the micro climate the varietals grow in, and each vineyard owner tries to improve the ecosystem.


A type of wine. A wine takes its name from the grape it was made from. As an example Zinfandel and Riesling are varietals.


The agricultural science of growing grapes for the purpose of making wine.

Okay, that's enough for now. With these under your belt you can start exploring wine and wineries with a little confidence and feel like a seasoned veteran!

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Thursday, April 05, 2007

Read This Article if You Are Afraid

Are you afraid? You should be after all that is what they want; they want you to fear. Oh heck what is it this week? Should we fear International Terrorism? Osama bin Laden, Saddam, the boggy man? How about the white sheets, ghosts and skeletons after all Halloween is here? Or should we fear the things of the past? Communism. Nuclear War. Planet Alignment. Y2K.

Oh no, we must fear! Why what is it today?

Oh it is Bird Flu and it is getting away, flying closer to you by night and by day? Oh my God let’s run, no, no we must pray? HA HA HA. Yah right?

What about Global Warming that is something to fear, severe Super Storms, why they are almost here. We had Katrina, Rita and Wilma, there will be more, so we Must fear. We all going to die the weather man proclaimed, run for your lives, “oh, oh, Oh dear!?!”

We must run and hide, no we must fight, quick hide over hear out of the light. We must watch out in the dead of night; a ghost, a goblin, oh the dear and fright.

You can run but you cannot hide the International Terrorists are out to tan you hide? They want to kill us all don’t you see their plan is to destroy a few buildings and sink the economy. We must leave at once and flea, we must run and hide and give up liberty.

I am so scared and trembling with fear, quick turn on the TV and give me a bear, you’ve got see this on the news, the world is coming to an end may as well break out the booze.

In amazement on the channel as destructive scene, the doorbell rang and I jumped. Sit down silly it is Halloween.

Super Exciting World Travel Experiences

If you are thinking about taking a trip in the near future, there are many areas that you should consider. There are places in North America with lots of history and sights, but there are so many other places abroad that can be much more interesting and historically significant. There are many places in the world that you may never think of to travel on your vacation, but they may be just the relaxing getaway you have been in search of. We have put together some ideas for world travel to help you decide where you want to travel on your next vacation.

If you like the beach scene, there are many beaches to sample here in the states. Cities such as Miami, Dayton, Jacksonville, Malibu, and many cities in Hawaii offer great beaches for sunning and swimming. If you prefer leaving the country, you could always try South America. Rio de Janeiro has very nice beaches, however, the bathing suits are somewhat skimpy if existent at all. The Bahamas and other Caribbean Islands have wonderful beaches that beckon American tourists on a daily basis. Their beaches promise us palm trees and sandy shores as well as warm breezes and days of laziness and relaxation.

If you are a history buff, you may find that Pompeii is the place that tops your desired list of foreign locales. This location in Italy is the site of the great eruption of Mt Vesuvius some 2000 years ago. The city was completely destroyed, yet perfectly preserved by the lava that filled the city streets in an instant after the eruption. Seeing the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum (also destroyed in the same manner) is like stepping back in time to a place that time forgot. The history that lies there is more than we as Americans can ever experience in our home country. Also, while in Italy, you would have to stop by Rome and see the rich history of the Roman civilization and the emperors that once ruled the known world.

If you live for adventure, then and African Safari is probably tops on your list of things to do before you die. An African safari offers excitement and adventure, especially for those of us used to only seeing those types of animals on television. There are tour groups to take you on the safari and explain the animals and surroundings to the group. On a safari, you can see such animals as lions, elephants, monkeys and zebra in their natural habitat. Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania are just a few of the places that offer an authentic African Safari.

If you are more into winter sports such as snow skiing, then a trip to the mountains of Europe may be right up your alley. The advancement in safety over the last several years have made snow skiing safer and more enjoyable for professionals and novices alike. Downhill skiing may seem too advanced for some, and if so, cross country skiing may be more the thing for you. There are resorts and parks all over the world that offer trails for cross country skiers of all ages.

With all of these ideas for world travel, you are sure to find something to tempt your thoughts for your next vacation.

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Tuesday, April 03, 2007

Boston Attractions - USS Constitution

Do you have some time to kill in Boston? If you do and you are a history buff you are in luck. Boston is home to some great historical destinations. One such place is the USS Constitution Museum. It is a great place to take in a little history and a must see for any serious history fan. Keep reading and learn about what makes this a must see destination.

The USS Constitution Museum was founded in 1972 and opened its doors to the public in 1976. It is located across the pier from the USS Constitution which still floats in the harbor. It contains over 3000 different artifacts which help to explain the rich history of the ship. It stores exhibits that were once on board the ship which has allowed the ship to return to the appearance of an active duty vessel rather than a floating museum. In addition to the artifacts you will also find interactive displays at the USS Constitution Museum such as one about the Barbary War. This display allows you to experience what the war was like for people at the time. Since it was founded the museum has been a popular attraction. Before 1997 it averaged almost 75,000 visitors per year. In 1997 it dropped the entrance fee and it now averages almost 275,000 visitors a year. It continues to expand with cooperation from the National Park Service and will remain a popular attraction for years. If you love history or naval vessels, this place is a must see.

If you would like to visit the museum you can find it in the Charleston Navy yard in Boston. You should call the museum's information line at 617-426-1812 before you go for current hours and to find out about special events that may be happening. Have fun.

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Sunday, April 01, 2007

Top Ten Reasons David Letterman Always Wears White Sox

There are three talking shows that I watch on television, The Late Show with Saint David Letterman, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, and, The Tonight Show with John Jay Leno. (I now also watch The Colbert Butter Butter Butter Report. with Sir Leslie Stephen Colbert.)

Stewart come ups on too late for me, but I can catch it respective times the adjacent twenty-four hours along with Colbert.

In our area, Leno starts at 10:35 p.m. and Letterman come ups on at 11:05 p.m. Why they come up on at these times instead of 10:00 and 11:00 is a enigma to me. Iodine would just like to state that it really teeing grounds me off. Iodine think I'm picky, picky!

Jay Leno

I ticker Leno the first one-half hr of his show and then Letterman the first one-half hr of his show.

Sometimes I change back and forth. Clickity, Click!

I usually don’t stay up for the 2nd one-half of Letterman unless he have a invitee that hits it off with me.

Leno have (do not set derogative comment here) writers. His gags sometimes stink. But he have that amusing little-boy wit that acquires him through the monologue. Occasionally, all the gags are funny, but not that often. When he happens a stinker, he indicates it out as being just that, and usually acquires a laugh.

It's the millstone around his neck.

At times, Leno’s orchestra leader, Kevin, salvages him during the dialogue. Kevin sometimes destructs him. Leno is a good athletics and agitates it off.

I don’t believe there is enough malice, selfishness, anger, etc., inch Leno to do him a great comic, but he usually acquires the occupation done.

Sometimes the show's skits come up off and some times they don’t, but I like skits and hope for the best.

Sometimes he have a study from outside by a individual who might be funny. He had a couple of immature ladies a couple of old age ago who were merriment to watch. I believe they are now raising babies, one in Oklahoma.

His recent studies have got not been as funny.

There is a rule in the concern that says:

If it’s not funny, it’s too damned long!


There is NO such as rule!

I made it up.

I was just trying to demo that I’m Associate in Nursing expert on this subject.

Leno is not nosey adequate or interested adequate in his pursuit to be a good interviewer. He never acquires you into the nuts and thunderbolts of his guest.

Leno could be more than effectual if he would simply state to a guest, "Let's see. You were born in Kentucky?"


"I heard that you wanted to be a chiropracter when you were a small kid."

He wishes to whiff the women and state they are pretty. (Letterman makes this “sniffing” too, but in a less intrusive way.)

I like it when John Jay have animals. He is very good with them. He always travels beyond what is required.

He is also good when his chap comics come up on. That is his bailiwick stemming from his uninterrupted standup comedy modus operandis off set.

His pavement interviews and newspaper headlines are always deserving watching.

He is the King of the late nighttime with a large audience.

David Letterman

David Letterman is an old adult male with a immature child. He have had coronary circumferential surgery. We cognize he is human.

Letterman doesn’t trust on the monologue. He tells two or three jokes, one about rats or squirrels and their nuts, and that is that. Orchestra leader, Paul, like Kevin on the Leno show, adlibs and either prison guards up or reenforces the monologue.

Letterman buzzword delay to acquire to his table and from that point you don’t cognize what will happen.

Letterman utilizes facial and verbal jokes to acquire attention. He throws pencils and cards around the studio. The other nighttime a ablaze adult male ran through the studio as did the New House Of York Marathon winners. He had a bear that they set away every nighttime which is now in hibernation. He plays “Will it Float,” drops things off buildings, saps around with the diner proprietor across the street, and sometimes terrorizes the vicinity by jumping bikes in the street.

Letterman negotiation to the audience much as Leno does, but he have “Know Your Cuts of Meat,” etc., to add interest. Sometimes his invitee have got a fast one or seeks to gull the set with a song.

I have a song that I desire to fob the set with. It’s “Once Iodine Went in Swimmin’.”

Letterman is a very good interviewer but not as good as Jack Paar or Rebel Carson. He have deeper inquiries than Leno. I have got only seen him dumfounded by one quest. (Paris Hilton looks to have got something missing that assists most people to reply inquiries rather than just sitting there saying, Duhhhh.)

Letterman never buries his “Top Ten List.” The following is my listing for the show:

Why makes Saint David Letterman ALWAYS wear White socks?

1. He have jungle putrefaction from WW II. 2. He detests to look for matching socks in the dark. 3. He doesn’t desire to bury his “Country Pumpkin” roots. 4. His blood brother is a male nurse with a big clothes allowance. 5. It assists him conceal in the cotton wool field from the revenuers, besides he's a Windy City White Person Sox fan. 6. He is an devouring Virginia Deer Deer hunter. 7. He works a nighttime occupation in a bakery. 8. He believes he’s Frigid the Snowman. 9. His great grandmother wore achromatic socks and that’s how he retrieves her.

And the 10th ground that Saint David Letterman have on achromatic sox is:

10. He trusts to seek out for the adjacent Mickey-Mouse-type Walt Disney Character.

Jon Stewart

Jon Jimmy Jimmy Stewart have a misanthropic wit that maintains his immature audience laughing. Sideline fictional characters supply skits to add to the fun. I like Samantha, but she can be too coarse (as are others) and my married woman do me switch over the channel.

Stewart also have a invitee and the interview is usually serious.

Politicians, on the show, sometimes like to buffoon around and maintain things funny. (They are in danger of getting clobbered by Jon’s insights.)

The lone thing I don’t like about the Daily Show is that it is too short. Adding the Cobert Report have added the other one-half hr it needed.

Of course, Sir Leslie Stephen Cobert is a complete sap and on his manner to celebrity and fortune.

We necessitate comedy in this unfunny time.

I’m glad these cats are around!

copyright©John T. Jones, Ph.D. 2005